Heart disease includes a range of conditions that affect the cardiovascular system. Learning more about the types of heart disease can increase awareness of symptoms and encourage early detection and prompt treatment. These six types of heart disease are particularly common among the elderly.
An irregular heartbeat, also known as arrhythmia, occurs when the electrical impulses in the heart aren’t working properly. The condition can be congenital, or it may develop later in life. The symptoms of arrhythmia include dizziness, chest pain, fluttering sensations, and fainting. Common arrhythmia treatments include pacemakers, prescribed medicines, and surgery.
2. Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive heart failure occurs when the heart pumps insufficient blood, resulting in fluid buildup in the lungs and body. The symptoms of this condition include swelling, shortness of breath, and impaired kidney function. Congestive heart failure requires immediate treatment, which may include surgery, a low-sodium diet, and prescription medicines.
Insufficient blood flow to the brain can cause vascular dementia and lead to cognitive decline. For dementia care Mesa families can count on, reach out to Home Care Assistance. Our compassionate caregivers use revolutionary memory care programs to help seniors stave off the progression of dementia, and they can also assist with a wide variety of important everyday tasks, including bathing, grooming, exercise, and cooking.
3. Peripheral Artery Disease
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) occurs when buildup in the arteries reduces blood flow to the extremities, such as the lower legs. The symptoms of PAD include pain and reduced healing abilities in the affected part of the body, which can lead to gangrene or tissue death. Treatments for PAD are available, and a low-cholesterol diet is often recommended.
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4. Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease is caused by buildup in the arteries that prevents blood flow and reduces blood circulation to the heart. Chest pain and heart attacks are the most common symptoms of untreated coronary artery disease, but it can also cause heart failure and arrhythmia.
5. Congenital Heart Disease
People who are born with abnormal heart structures have congenital heart disease. Common treatments include prescription medications and surgery, but heart transplants are sometimes necessary. Anyone who is born with heart abnormalities should have regular checkups to maintain good heart health.
6. Cardiac Arrest
Cardiac arrest is another name for a heart attack, which can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from genetics to lifestyle choices. People over the age of 65 should have regular examinations to detect and treat problems that can cause heart disease. Medications and surgery are common treatment options. Making healthier lifestyle choices and getting regular examinations are some of the best ways to prevent most types of heart disease.
Recognizing early heart disease symptoms allows seniors to seek immediate treatment for a better prognosis. Seniors can face a variety of age-related challenges. Though some families choose to take on the caregiving duties, there may come a time when they need a trusted Mesa elderly home care provider. Families sometimes need respite from their duties so they can focus on their other responsibilities, and some seniors need around-the-clock assistance that their families are not able to provide. Home Care Assistance is here to help. Call Home Care Assistance today at (480) 699-4899 to learn about our high-quality in-home care services.