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What are the Stages of Dementia?

What are the Stages of Dementia?

If your aging parent, grandparent or loved one has been diagnosed with dementia, you are likely experiencing a wide spectrum of emotions. From shock and disbelief to anger and denial, it is common for families to react to a diagnosis differently. However, all families share a common goal – to provide their aging loved one with the highest level of quality care. If you have a loved one that has been diagnosed with dementia, click here to learn more about professional in-home dementia care services in Mesa, and continue reading to learn about the different stages of dementia and common symptoms associated with each.

  1. Mild Cognitive Decline – In the earliest stage of dementia, familiar objects like car keys or the television remote can be difficult for a person to name. Some individuals also experience lost time or small memory lapses where they are unable to recall what they did that day. This is the most difficult stage to recognize as some of the symptoms of mild cognitive decline can be easily confused with age-related memory loss.
  2. Moderate Cognitive Decline – In the second stage of dementia, complex tasks become difficult. An individual might have trouble completing a tax return, planning a family get together or paying household bills on time. Mood changes are often evident due to feelings of frustration and loss of control. Diagnostic testing is beneficial during this stage as early detection can result in the use of medications which might delay further progression of dementia.
  3. Mid-Stage Cognitive Impairment – This stage is usually when individuals begin to need assistance with day-to-day activities. Simple household chores such as cooking and doing laundry become difficult and sometimes dangerous to perform, and help may also be needed with personal care such as bathing, dressing and grooming. During this stage, patients are often known to forget their address and phone, and wandering becomes a great safety concern.
  4. Severe Impairment – This stage is often accompanied by a lost ability to remember loved ones, recent history or even the afflicted individual’s own name. Loss of appetite, weight loss, personality changes and mood swings are prominent during this stage. Some individuals become reclusive or child-like when severe cognitive impairment sets in. For families who are unable to provide around the clock care, a professional home caregiver is a great option to ensure consistency of care as well as monitoring to promote safety.
  5. End Stage Impairment – In this stage, seniors have a difficult time with almost every aspect of life. They often cannot speak, eat independently, control bowel and bladder, ambulate or get out of bed. Swallowing might become difficult, and some individuals cannot hold their heads up or sit in an upright position. In this stage, a high level of assistance and 24-hour supervision are essential for comfort and safety. Learn more about live-in care in Mesa, AZ and provide your loved one with the 24 hour care and support they need and deserve.

Regardless of what stage of dementia your loved one is in, remember that support and patience are essential components in improving quality of life. For more information about specialized dementia care, respite services or information about the disease, contact Home Care Assistance of Mesa. Care Mangers are on call 24/7 and are more than happy to answer any of your questions. Dial (480) 699-4899 and take the first step toward peace of mind today.